Automobiles consist of systems such as drivetrains, engine and rear arrangement. These systems have duties such as protecting the vehicle from external factors and ensuring the operation of the vehicle. The drivetrain consists of 6 different systems.
These are the parts that the engine transmits its power to. They are 6 pieces.
The engine creates a power with the heat energy obtained from the fuel. This power is transferred to the gearbox via the clutch. The gearbox transmits the movement from the engine to the shaft, shaft to the differential, to the differential axle. Finally, the generated power is transmitted to the wheels by the axles. Therefore, at the end of the power transmission, the vehicle moves and mechanical energy (motion energy) is obtained.
Engine power Clutch Gear Box Shaft Differential Axle Wheels
It provides gear change in the vehicle. It transmits the movement in the engine to the gearbox or disconnects it from the gearbox. Therefore, the clutch is located between the engine and the gearbox
The gearbox, which is one of the drivetrains, allows the speed and torque of the vehicle to be adjusted. The gear shifter allows the vehicle to move forward or backward.
It is the part that transfers the power generated in the engine and reaching the gearbox to the differential. It is a moving part because the transmission is stationary and the vehicle is not constantly moving on a straight road. Therefore, the connection points allow the part to move. At the same time, it is produced from hollow steel so that it does not make weight.
It transmits the movement of the engine to the wheels and the movement from the gearbox to the axles. It turns the movement it receives 90 degrees and transmits it to the axles. At the same time, it ensures safe driving by enabling the tractor wheels to rotate at different speeds in the corner.
It is the part that transmits the movement from the differential to the wheels. In this way, the vehicle starts to move. The axle is of different types according to the class of the vehicle to be used. Axle types:
The task of the wheels, which are the part of drivetrains, is to increase the braking performance. The numbers on them indicate the size of the tires.